What is a Mouthguard?

This is a dental device that is inserted into the mouth to protect the teeth, arches, lips and gums from injuries. Mouthguards are used for a variety of reasons, like:
For prevention of any injury in contact sports like rugby etc.,
For the treatment of conditions like bruxism or TMD or Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
To being part of some dental procedures like tooth bleaching.

Mouthguards are usually used to protect the upper row of teeth but in cases of the patient having braces or other dental appliances, the dentist might recommend mouthguards for the lower row of teeth.

The dentist will evaluate your need and suggest the right type of mouthguard for you. The desirable properties for a mouthguard should be:

  • Comfortable to use
  • Tear resistant
  • Durability
  • Easy to clean
  • Should not restrict breathing and talking
  • Types of Mouthguards

Mouthguards are of different types:

1.Stock Mouth Protectors

These are economical Mouthguards that are performed and can be used right out of their package. These Mouthguards being ready-made and do have the disadvantages of being non-adjustable, bulky and makes breathing and talking difficult and provide lesser protection compared to the other types.

2. Mouth Adapted or Boil and Bite

This is also available in stores but these can have a better fit to the mouth and is made of thermoplastic material. This type of Mouthguard is first softened in hot water and then it is placed inside the mouth and is shaped correctly around the teeth using the pressure from both finger and the tongue.

3. Custom Made Mouthguards

These are designed and fabricated in a dental office or laboratory by a dental technician based on the dentist recommendations. The dentist first takes an impression of the patient’s teeth and then the Mouthguard is molded over this model using the material used for this type of mouthguard. This material is expensive to procure and the process and time involved making this type of mouthguard makes this type of mouthguard costlier. But this customized fabrication makes it more comfortable and provides more protection.

Care of Mouthguards

The dentist will recommend the following measure to be followed to take care of the mouthguards:

  • Always rinse the mouthguard with either cold water or mouth rinse before and after each use.
  • Clean the mouthguard using mild soap and toothbrush. This is usually done by first cleaning it in cool, soapy water and then rinsing it thoroughly.
  • Always remember to store the mouthguard in a strong and firm box with perforations. This allows for air circulation and prevents damage. If it is an acrylic mouthguard, keep it in fresh clean water.
  • Do not place the mouth guard under high temperature since the shape can be distorted.
  • Always check the mouthguard for general tear and wear. Replace it if there are any tears and holes.
  • The mouthguards have to taken to the dentist for every periodic dental visit for inspection.




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